416 Memorial Park International Design Competition

416 생명안전공원 국제설계공모(세월호 추모공원)

3rd Prize

Location : In Hwarang Park, 667 Choji-dong, Danwon-gu, Ansan, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea   
Site area : 23,000 ㎡
Gross floor area : 10,106 ㎡
Program : Memorial, Cultural center
Team : Safari Architects, dina works
Link : www.416memorial.kr

Coexistence of Memorial Park and Hwarang ParkThe 416 Memorial Park should be an everyday park open to the public. It should be a park of remembrance of the Sewol ferry disaster, and the park of everyday life of Hwarang Park. In order to create a park where life, death and daily life can harmonize, the flow of citizens is designed through the gaps in ‘The White Wall’, and the material of the wall is monolithic and white material is used to reveal a poetic presence. In addition, the exhibition/commemoration space was localized, and the building itself became the background of the park through the low volume elevation. The trail connected to the Urban Forest, the landscaping of the wide grass that meets the white wall, and the roof-level various citizen participation-type cultural programs return the space of remembrance and memory to a daily park filled with relaxation and leisure.

A Medium Of Memory : Length of Sewol FerryThe pain of memory is more meaningful by revealing it than hiding it. We tried to express the way we remember, commemorate, and share the Sewol Ferry incident as a sculpture in the park through the 146M memorial wall. The symbolic memorial wall of 146m, which means the length of the Sewol ferry, captures various ways of commemorating by the citizens and becomes the background of the Memorial Park through the white wall. Memories of commemoration read through a long sculpture-like wall and various programs of citizens create a communion between the living and the victims.

Experience on Multilayer Level : Linkage Of Internal And External SpacesThe white memorial wall that penetrates the ground and the underground and the inside/outside space connected between the torn gaps contain programs (Park/Commemorations/Exhibitions) with different meanings and induce the participation and activities of visitors at multi-levels. The above-ground wall is a “Wall of life” linked to everyday parks, the underground wall has a meaning as a “Wall of remembrance” for the victims. Life and death coexist at the center of this wall, and on the ground, it separates the daily park from the boundary, and underground, the boundary is broken down into a huge void space.

A Space for Social Memories : Memorandum-Exhibition-Enshrinement SequenceThe light from the sky that penetrates the underground memorial hall is the light that represents the wish of victims to be enshrined in a bright place, and it is the light of remembrance of the soul. The void space in the basement and the light coming down the wall signify a bright and comfortable future that is no longer sad. As you go down this wall, you come in contact with the story of the Sewol ferry and arrive at the end of the wall of light. The enshrinement space containing the sky and nature allows us to deeply commemorate the victims of Danwon High School creating a healing space for the bereaved families.

Materplan : A park Open to EveryoneThe length of the 304m wall, which consists of a 146m vertical ‘Wall of Remembrance’ and a 158m horizontal ‘Wall of Daily Life/Culture’, contains the meaning of 304 Sewol Ferry victims. In particular, by arranging square/performer-type external spaces adjacent to the waterfront boundary (W2) on the north side, which is the main movement of citizens, and the node point, it is easy for citizens to access to the facilities. The cafeteria, museum shop, and educational activity space connected with daily life were placed in front of the lakeside to increase the usability of the facility, and the outdoor memorial/exhibition hall and memorial garden were arranged in connection with the path and circulation line extended from the Urban Forest on the east and south sides. The gap between the White Walls provides access to this memorial park as an everyday park that can be visited without any special purpose.

An Outdoor MemorialThe outdoor memorial hall is arranged along the 146m long wall of remembrance, and you can commemorate and remember the victims of the Sewol ferry while walking along the wall. Onthe roof, cultural programs for citizens are planned for 365 days a year. An exhibition space for an outdoor drawing contest for citizens, a commemorative mirror pole pointing to Paengmok Port, and a civic participatory sculpture park is unfolded. The memorial garden located on the south side of the green exterior space is vertically connected to the enshrinement space on the 2nd basement floor and is an independent space. It is a memory garden managed by the bereaved family and citizens together, and planting plans are planned at regular intervals to make it a place where healing and meditation are possible.

The Space of social memory Sequence: (Exhibition – Remembrance – Enshrinement & Commemoration Space)The second basement floor is a space of social memory, with the exhibition sequence and movement integrated. A Space for Social Memories serves as a large hall for the entire exhibition space, connecting the permanent exhibitions and enshrining spaces, as well as the planned exhibitions and the library on the first floor. The wall of remembrance, descending with light from the ground, consists of 304 pillars representing the victims of the Sewol ferry disaster, and citizens mourn for the victims as they walk through this space that is intertwined with the
exhibition space. In the permanent exhibition, the remains of the victims of the Sewol Ferry and part of the hull can be displayed. Behind the permanent exhibition, a storage storage vertically connected to the unloading space on the first basement floor was placed to clearly separate the service flow.

Traces of memoriesVisitors to 416 Memorial Park can leave their mark of remembrance in a variety of ways. In the space of 146m of social memory, which symbolizes the length of the Sewol ferry, you can rub the names of 250 Danwon High School students engraved along the wall of remembrance. In the waiting room of the enshrining space, there is a space on the white wall where you can write the names of the bereaved family members or words of remembrance. In Permanent Exhibition 3, video messages can be shot on the wall of remembrance, or yellow ribbon messages can be hung on the tree of memory.

Cultural Program Of the CitizenTo create a memorial park that can be visited 365 days a year, a cultural citizen project related to the Sewol ferry was planned. Participants are not only Ansan citizens, but also their families and students. The program was linked to an educational activity space and a special exhibition space on the first basement floor, and a place containing various landscape elements on the roof floor. Round table programs such as talks, concerts, poetry recitations, forums, and roundtables in the internal space, and small garden gardening and outdoor concerts in the external space, educational programs consist of music lectures, one-day classes, and supporters training.


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